October 2020 Congratulations to Prof. Yun Zhang on his paper “Highly Efficient Multiview Depth Coding Based on Histogram Projection and Allowable Depth Distortion” was accepted by IEEE Transactions on Image Processing (TIP).

Fig. 1 Framework of the proposed DHP-based 3D video system

Mismatches between the precisions of representing the disparity, depth value and rendering position in 3D video systems cause redundancies in depth map representations. In this paper, we propose a highly efficient multiview depth coding scheme based on Depth Histogram Projection (DHP) and Allowable Depth Distortion (ADD) in view synthesis. Firstly, DHP exploits the sparse representation of depth maps generated from stereo matching to reduce the residual error from INTER and INTRA predictions in depth coding. We provide a mathematical foundation for DHP-based lossless depth coding by theoretically analyzing its rate-distortion cost. Then, due to the mismatch between depth value and rendering position, there is a many to-one mapping relationship between them in view synthesis, which induces the ADD model. Based on this ADD model and DHP, depth coding with lossless view synthesis quality is proposed to further improve the compression performance of depth coding while maintaining the same synthesized video Quality, as illustrated in Fig. 1. Experimental results reveal that the proposed DHP based depth coding can achieve an average bit rate saving of 20.66% to 19.52% for lossless coding on Multiview High Efficiency Video Coding (MV-HEVC) with different groups of pictures. In addition, our depth coding based on DHP and ADD achieves an average depth bit rate reduction of 46.69%, 34.12% and 28.68% for lossless view synthesis quality when the rendering precision varies from integer, half to quarter pixels, respectively. We obtain similar gains for lossless depth coding on the 3D-HEVC, HEVC Intra coding and JPEG2000 platforms.